What are the main components of Biomass Fuel Boilers?

What are the main components of Biomass Fuel Boilers?

By on Apr 11, 2021 in Biomass fuel, Blog |

Biomass fuel encompasses a number of materials that include wood and agricultural residues.

These materials can be used for heating buildings and to a lesser extent for producing power or a combination of heat and power.

Biomass systems require more operator information than other forms of renewable energy such as solar or wind. A small amount of maintenance plus an annual inspection and cleaning means the system can provide heating when needed.

Additionally, biomass combustion produces emissions that have to be monitored to make sure they comply with government regulations.

What are the different parts of a Biomass system?

There are a number of key components to a biomass system which includes the following –

  • Fuel storage and handling or conveying.
  • Combustor
  • Boiler
  • Fire suppression systems
  • Pumps
  • Fans
  • Exhaust controls
  • System controls
  • Automatic ash handling (optional feature)
  • Back up boiler
  • Heat distribution system

All biomass systems require storage for fuel as well as a way of handling the fuel. Systems that use wood chips or pellets will be stored in silos or a bunker with an automated system that moves fuel from the storage area to the combustion area. PH Winterton recommends that storage areas hold a minimum of three days of fuel.

The day hopper is the last part of the fuel handling system and controls the rate at which the fuel is delivered to the boiler. Wood pellet or log systems the heat created by the boiler can be used to directly heat the air or used to heat water, acting as a medium by which the heat is delivered.

Fire suppression systems help to prevent fire from the combustor travelling back up the conveyor system where fuel is stored. This type of system can also include temperature sensors and water-delivery or control systems to put out fires before they spread throughout the whole system.

Biomass Fuel from PH Winterton

P.H Winterton and Son first started supplying biomass fuel to assist joineries with getting rid of surplus wood and market the sawmill waste as a product.

Biomass fuel has since become increasingly popular due to its low energy densities. We use grade A wood residue that can be burnt for industrial heating and electricity.

Contact Us With Any Questions

If you have any questions about biomass fuel, please do not hesitate to get in touch with P.H Winterton now.